The research was conducted by Trever Crowe from the University of Saskatchewan, who continues to study various transportation aspects and develop approaches for producers, transporters and processors to enhance poultry welfare.
Industry has continued to support welfare research as one of its most important research priorities. That’s because CPRC’s member organizations identified it as a main concern through annual funding calls for proposals.
It’s also a major part of the three poultry science clusters that CPRC has administered on behalf of industry. The program, initiated by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) a decade ago, has had a major impact on agricultural research and has been a significant benefit to the Canadian poultry sector.
AAFC announced a third poultry science cluster in May. This supports more than $10.5 million dollars of research through both AAFC research facilities and Canadian universities.
It includes another $1.5 million in knowledge transfer and cluster-related expenses. Funding includes over $8 million from the federal government with most of the rest from industry. The third cluster focuses on four areas of research: Antibiotic stewardship; food safety; poultry health and welfare; and sustainability.
While antibiotic stewardship was the overarching concern for industry and governments, welfare remains an important research priority. This support is clear from the continuing backing for welfare research in the new cluster.
Welfare research received funding of $2.0 million in the second cluster and $2.4 million in the third. This support is for direct welfare research and excludes research that would have an indirect welfare influence.
As well, much of the antimicrobial stewardship research targets improving the innate immunity of poultry and their inherent ability to fight disease. Improved health and ability to fight disease will also improve a bird’s welfare.
While the investment in welfare research has increased 20 per cent between the second and third clusters, comparing the welfare projects provides some interesting information.
The second cluster had six independent welfare projects with five principal investigators (PI). The third science cluster has three projects with three PIs but, for the first time in a poultry science cluster, there are four subprojects with each led by individual researchers in one of the three projects.
This large project includes three researchers who had projects in the second cluster and a fourth researcher without experience of the poultry sector but with specialized knowledge and equipment.
The three researchers who were included in the second cluster are continuing to investigate some of the components of their previous projects in the new cluster. The new researcher provides expertise that brings together components of the research from the other three subprojects for analysis, a critical step in the overall research project.
This approach is becoming more common. CPRC has co-funded poultry research that has included researchers from a broad range of disciplines working with experienced poultry researchers.
These disciplines include genetics, engineering, human health and other biosciences. The cooperating scientists bring specialized knowledge to allow a project to examine broader questions being asked by industry and the research community.
The Canadian Poultry Research Council, its board of directors and member organizations support and enhance Canada’s poultry sector through research and related activities. For more details, visit cp-rc.ca.