By The Canadian Poultry Research Council
An update on research projects around preventing microbial infections in poultry production.
By The Canadian Poultry Research Council
Antibiotic stewardship research is presently the most important priority for the poultry industry, as evidenced in the third poultry science cluster.
Ten of the 18 research projects encompassing this cluster are specifically investigating antimicrobial stewardship in poultry production, which represents more than half of the $12.6 million cluster funding. The projects reflect the importance of preventing microbial infections in poultry production.
Necrotic enteritis (NE), caused by the C. perfringens, is one of the most prevalent diseases in poultry. NE is an increasing concern with the planned reduction of non-therapeutic antibiotics from poultry production in Canada. Development of effective alternatives to control NE is a considerable component of the antimicrobial stewardship research.
Two projects investigate controlling NE. Shayan Sharif (pictured above) from the University of Guelph (U of G) leads a large multidisciplinary project aimed at reducing the use of antimicrobials in poultry and enhancing poultry gut health. It includes researchers from the University of Alberta, University of Prince Edward Island, Hospital for Sick Kids and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC).
Research sub-projects led by Doug Korver, John Parkinson and Juan Carlos Rodriguez-Lecompte will identify and evaluate probiotic formulations in the prevention of NE. What’s more, sub-projects led by Sharif and Joshua Gong will attempt to develop several effective vaccine-based control strategies for NE control.
In a separate project, Susantha Gomis from the University of Saskatchewan (U of S) is developing novel vaccines and probiotics while comparing and combining them with the autogenous vaccines and probiotics available in Canada.
Three projects will look at developing vaccine-based strategies for NE control. Martine Boulianne from the University of Montreal will lead two separate projects to develop vaccines against C. perfringens in an effort to control NE.
The projects will target surface proteins and membrane vesicles of C. perfringens and bacteriocins as antigens for protection against C. perfringens. Eva Nagy from the U of G is developing an oral vaccine to induce an immune response against NetB to control NE in chickens.
Two individual research projects led by AAFC scientists will investigate feed strategies to control NE. Qi Wang will validate the effectiveness of essential oil products and Gong will investigate synergistic effects of tributyrin combined with several plant extracts to promote growth performance and control NE in chickens.
A project led by Arshud Dar from the U of S aims to identify both in ovo and post-hatch administration of immune stimulants and antimicrobial peptides for prevention of C. perfringens infection and NE control in chicks. Bogdan Slominski, University of Manitoba, is continuing research from the second poultry cluster to enhance the biological activity of yeast and yeast-derived products on poultry microbiome composition.
Campylobacteriosis, Salmonellosis, Yolk sac infection and Colibacillosis
Salmonella and Campylobacter are present in the intestine of poultry without causing major clinical signs. However, on transmission to humans, these microbes can cause food-borne illnesses. Conversely, early chick mortality (ECM) is one of the crucial factors that determine the quality of chicken production and the economic return from a poultry production unit. Yolk sac infection and colibacillosis are the most common and major infectious diseases leading to ECM.
Three antimicrobial stewardship research projects will investigate antimicrobial alternative strategies to control Campylobacteriosis, Salmonellosis and ECM. A project led by Marya Ahmed from the University of Prince Edward Island aims to produce vitamin B5 derived peptides with antimicrobial properties specifically targeting Salmonella.
Within the large multidisciplinary and collaborative project led by Sharif, sub-projects led by Korver, Parkinson and Rodriguez-Lecompte will additionally aim to identify and evaluate probiotic formulations for their ability to enhance gut-health in chickens and in preventing Salmonella and Campylobacter infections.
Similarly, in addition to the research described above, Arshud Dar will optimize in ovo administration of immune stimulants for control of early chick mortality due to yolk sac infection and colibacillosis in young chickens.
The third poultry science custer is funded by AAFC, several provincial governments, poultry-related Canadian corporations, provincial industry organizations and the CPRC and its member organizations.
The Canadian Poultry Research Council, its board of directors and member organizations support and enhance Canada’s poultry sector through research and related activities. For more details, visit cp-rc.ca.